Renting private student accommodation
If you’re renting from a private landlord or letting agent, find out whether your property needs to be licensed. Read any tenancy agreement carefully and if you’re not happy, seek advice immediately.
Renting a place of your own.
If you’re moving out of halls, you’ll probably need to start looking round for private accommodation in the spring term of your first year. Remember that as a student, you have the same rights as any other private tenant.
Does your landlord need a licence?
If you live with a number of friends, check with your local authority to see if your landlord needs to get a ‘House in Multiple Occupation’ (HMO) licence for your property.Your house must be specially licensed as a ‘House in Multiple Occupation’ if it has:
five or more unrelated people sharing; and three or more storeys.
Some local authorities may also choose to license houses with smaller numbers of occupants or storeys.This licence requires landlords to be capable managers, and to ensure the house is occupied by a limited number of people.
Tenancy deposits and guarantors
Once you’ve found a suitable place to rent, most landlords and letting agents will need you to pay a deposit, and may also ask for a guarantor before they draw up a contract. They may also ask you to pay rent in advance. Don’t hand over any money until you’ve had a good look around the property: check for obvious signs of disrepair, damp, badly fitting doors or windows, or anything that could compromise your security. It might also help to take someone else with you to get their views on the property.
Paying a deposit
Landlords often ask for a holding deposit to cover missing rent or damage made to the property. Always get a written receipt for money paid to a landlord or letting agent.
Ask your landlord if they will provide an inventory of the contents of the house, including kitchen goods such a kettle and toaster.
Your deposit should be returned to you if all fees have been settled and the property has not been damaged beyond normal wear and tear.
Your landlord may ask students to provide a guarantor who agrees to cover costs if you don’t pay the rent, or cause significant damage to the property.
A guarantor will usually be a parent or guardian.If you have a joint tenancy, any guarantor will also be jointly liable for overdue rent or damage caused by the other tenants
Guarantors can try and limit their liability by writing it into their guarantor agreement – to do this, seek independent legal advice.
Tenancy agreements help to protect your rights as a tenant and outline what your obligations will be. Whatever your type of tenancy, read any paperwork involved carefully before you agree to move in or sign any written agreements.For more information on different types of tenancies, see the article ‘Private rent and tenancies’.
Whatever type of agreement you sign, you will be required to look after your property in a reasonable way, for example, emptying bins and keeping the house tidy and clean.
If you break the terms of your agreement
If you break any terms of a tenancy agreement – for example, if you cause damage to the property or fall behind with your rent, your landlord may be entitled to begin eviction procedures against you.This could include having people to stay for long periods of time if you are living in a licensed house in multiple occupation (HMO). Check to see if the agreement limits the number of people allowed to live in the property.